Agreement Greece Italy

24 janvier 2022

On 9 June 2020, Greece and Italy signed a Maritime Delimitation Agreement in the Ionian Sea in Athens, which was complemented by a joint Greek-Italian proposal to the European Commission amending Annex 1 of the Common Fisheries Policy and a Declaration on Mediterranean Resources. This agreement adopts the continental shelf demarcation line agreed in 1977 for the demarcation of the other areas to which both countries are entitled under international law. It addresses the fundamental interests of both countries: Italy`s core fisheries interests and Greece`s legal and political concerns in the context of its half-century-old dispute with Turkey over maritime demarcation in the Aegean Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean. « The European Union, the United States and Russia, as well as many regional actors such as Egypt and Israel, have condemned the agreement between Turkey and Libya and called on Ankara to make a more conciliatory demarcation of its territorial waters with Greece, » said John Psaropoulos of Al Jazeera, who reported from Athens. Greek General Theodoros Pangalos, who ruled Greece as dictator in 1925-26, attempted to revise the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne and unleash a revanchist war against Turkey. To this end, Pangalos sought Italian diplomatic support, as Italy still had ambitions in Anatolia, but in the end nothing came from his attempts at rapprochement with Mussolini. [21] After the fall of Pangalos and the restoration of relative political stability in 1926, efforts were made to normalize relations with Greece`s neighbors. To this end, the Greek government, in particular Foreign Minister Andreas Michalakopoulos, again stressed the improvement in relations with Italy, which led to the signing of a trade agreement in November 1926. The Italian-Greek rapprochement had a positive effect on Greek relations with the other Balkan countries and was continued after 1928 by the new government of Eleftherios Venizelos, which culminated in the Treaty of Friendship signed by Venizelos in Rome on 23 September 1928. [22] Mussolini supported this treaty as he supported his efforts to diplomatically isolate Yugoslavia from its potential allies in the Balkans. An offer of an alliance between the two countries was rejected by Venizelos, but during the talks, Mussolini personally offered to guarantee « Greek sovereignty » over Macedonia, assuring Venizelos that in the event of an external attack by Yugoslavia on Thessaloniki, Italy would join Greece. [23] [24] The agreement is in practice an extension of an earlier agreement on maritime borders signed by Italy and Greece in 1977. It should also pave the way for a similar agreement with the country of Albania.

« This agreement, which is expected to enter into force in the near future, reaffirms the commitment of Greece and almost all its neighbouring countries to international law and in particular the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which reflects customary law and which all countries are obliged to respect and apply. According to the statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, one can read in this press release. In a speech to parliament in June 2020, Mitsotakis said the Athens-Rome agreement « describes the expansion of marine areas that can be exploited and most formally recognizes that islands have the same sovereign rights as land masses. » Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis hailed the deal as a « model of cooperation and good neighbourly relations. » According to Agenzia Nova, Article 1 defines the maritime border between Greece and Italy and not just the continental shelf mentioned in the 1977 agreement between the two countries. Last November, Ankara signed a maritime border agreement with Libya`s Tripoli-based government of national accord, which has claimed vast areas of sea from Turkey. The Italian Senate on Friday ratified the 2020 maritime agreement with Greece, with which the two EU member states have demarcated their exclusive economic zones. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Mussolini diplomatically attempted to « create an Italian-dominated Balkan bloc that would link Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, and Hungary. » Venizelos countered politics through diplomatic agreements between Greek neighbors and organized an « annual Balkan conference. » to examine questions of common interest, including of an economic nature, with the ultimate aim of creating a kind of regional union ». This strengthened diplomatic relations and resisted « all forms of territorial revisionism » in 1934. [25] Venizelos cleverly adhered to a principle of « public diplomacy » and was careful not to alienate the traditional Greek bosses in Britain and France. [26] The Greek-Italian Friendship Agreement ended Greece`s diplomatic isolation and the beginning of a series of bilateral agreements, in particular the Greco-Turkish Friendship Agreement in 1930. This process culminated in the signing of the Balkan Pact between Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey and Romania, which was a counterpoint to Bulgarian revisionism.

[27] Greece and Italy concluded a maritime delimitation agreement on 9 June 2020. Greece and Italy have signed an agreement to demarcate their maritime borders, amid tensions in the Mediterranean over the rights of natural resources. « Greece welcomes the ratification yesterday by the Italian Senate of the Greek-Italian agreement on the demarcation of the respective maritime zones in Athens, with 223 votes in favour and only 2 abstentions, signed in June 2020; the vote completes the process of ratification of this agreement by Italian legislators, » the Greek Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Saturday morning. Details of the agreement, which effectively extends a 1977 agreement between the two states on the continental shelves of the Ionian Sea, were not immediately available. The agreement on the borders of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) was signed at a meeting of the two foreign ministers of the countries, Nikos Dendias and Luigi diMaio, in Athens in June 2020. The agreement, signed Tuesday in Athens, addressed an issue that has been outstanding for 40 years, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said in a statement. ATHENS (Reuters) – Greece and Italy on Tuesday signed a maritime border agreement that establishes an exclusive economic zone between the two countries and resolves long-standing problems over fishing rights in the Ionian Sea. In August 2020, the Greek Parliament approved the agreement between the two countries on the delimitation of their respective maritime zones. Tuesday`s agreement, signed about seven months after signing a similar agreement with Libya`s internationally recognized government on the southern shore of the Mediterranean, delineates the exclusive economic zone — the marine zone where a nation has the right to energy exploration and the use of marine resources — between Greece and Italy in the Ionian Sea.

In 2020, Greece and Italy concluded a maritime demarcation agreement extending the demarcation line already established between their respective areas of the continental shelf to other marine areas to which they are entitled under international law. The Greek authorities hailed the agreement as a great success and stressed that it fully reflected their position on maritime demarcation in the Mediterranean and was in line with their national interests in the Ionian Sea. .

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